After a hair transplant, how to recognize and treat an infection

A hair transplant is a treatment in which a surgeon removes hair follicles from one part of your head and transplants them to balding areas. Male pattern baldness and female pattern baldness are genetic hair loss diseases that can be treated with hair transplants.

Hair transplants are generally considered a safe operation; however, every procedure carries some risk. One possible complication is infection. According to Dr. Harikiran Chekuri, the leading hair transplant specialist in Hyderabad, they’re pretty infrequent, affecting less than 1% of those who get hair transplants.

Dr. Harikiran is a hair transplant surgeon in Hyderabad known for his rigorous method, talent, and extensive knowledge. Instead of promising unachievable outcomes or focusing on unneeded therapies, the doctor gives his honest view. He argues that because aging is a continual process, interventions must be timely, diverse, and ongoing to slow it down.

Many of Dr. Harikiran Chekuri’s patients have been with him for many years because of his kind, courteous, and non-judgmental demeanor.

Let’s look at how to spot an infection following a hair transplant. We also look into other potential issues.

Hair transplant infection symptoms:

Open wounds at the donor hair follicle site or the reception site can be infected by microbes. Thanks to an extensive network of blood veins on your scalp, your immune system can quickly target bacteria. According to a recent study including male volunteers, infections of the scalp are uncommon, and when they do occur, they are usually not even severe.

Surgical infections commonly appear three to seven days after the treatment is completed.

The following are signs and symptoms of a hair transplant infection:

  • pus-filled abscess
  • seeping pus
  • redness or coloring
  • swelling
  • pain
  • itchy
  • burning
  • bleeding
  • warmth

It’s common to experience some bleeding and edema. On the other hand, if your symptoms intensify rather than improve, or if they continue for more than a week, you may have an infection.

Infections can cause systemic symptoms such as fever, tiredness, enlarged lymph nodes, headaches, nausea, and vomiting.

What can trigger an infection after a hair transplant?

Microbes or pathogens can enter your body during surgery or while you’re recuperating, causing an infection. You’re more prone to catching an infection if you have an underlying medical condition that weakens your immune system.

  • Unsanitary conditions or a lack of hygiene

Bacteria can infiltrate open wounds following hair transplantation or while they recover. You could get an infection if the tools used during the treatment aren’t properly cleaned or if you touch your wounds while they’re healing.

  • Excessive development of crust

It’s typical for your wounds to scab and crust. According to a hair transplant expert in Hyderabad, excessive crust formation might cause itching, which stimulates scratching. Scratching your scalp can cause scabs to fall off and bacteria to spread from your fingers to your wounds.

  • Medical concerns at the source of the problem

If you have underlying immune system abnormalities, wound infections are more likely to occur. Diabetes, hypertension, smoking, severe obesity, malnutrition, HIV, and cancer are all diseases that weaken the immune system.

Infection risks after a hair transplant

If you get an infection, you’re more likely to get a scar, which can damage your results and cause patchy regrowth around the scars.

An infection could spread to deeper tissues if left untreated. It should also be noted that it can apply to the bone in exceedingly rare situations or cause septicemia. A septicemia is a form of infection that affects the blood. It can lead to sepsis, a life-threatening condition.

Sepsis is a potentially fatal condition that occurs when your immune system releases inflammatory chemicals throughout your body, causing organ failure.

Depending on the procedure, the risk of infection varies.

Infections can happen at the donor site, where hair follicles are extracted, or at the reception site, where the follicles are transplanted.

The two standard hair transplant methods are follicular unit transplant (FUT) and follicular unit extraction (FUE) (FUE). During FUE, individual hair follicles are extracted for transplantation. After cutting a strip of skin from the back of your head, physicians remove individual follicles during FUT.

FUT leaves a lengthy and thin scar and takes longer to recover from. In principle, the larger wound generated by this treatment increases the chance of infection, yet an infection is rare when both procedures are completed appropriately.

Infection treatment for hair transplants.

If you develop an infection, contact your surgeon as soon as possible so that they can assist you in creating a treatment plan. Your surgeon may recommend antibacterial shampoos or the draining of pus-filled abscesses to speed up the healing process. Antibiotics are commonly used to treat the microorganisms causing your infection, whether taken orally or applied topically.

Is it even possible to avoid getting a hair transplant infection?

Here are some measures to reduce your risks of having a hair transplant-related problem.

  • Have your treatment performed at a licensed clinic that follows proper sanitary procedures.
  • Avoid picking at scabs or touching open wounds.
  • Attend all of your follow-up meetings.
  • Follow the pre-and post-care instructions carefully.
  • Avoid alcohol and smoking while you’re recovering.
  • Do not engage in strenuous exercise until you have received permission from your surgeon.

Other hair implantation adverse effects that could occur:

  1. Folliculitis

Folliculitis is an inflammation of the hair follicles that causes red or pigmented pimples that look like acne. It usually appears a few weeks or months after surgery. When a bacteria is blamed for the underlying reason, it’s called bacterial folliculitis. However, in most instances, no specific bacteria is identified. It’s known as sterile folliculitis in this scenario.

  1. Sudden hair loss

Shock hair loss is a rare adverse effect that causes hair to fall out at the donation site. It’s considered that stress and microtrauma from the surgery are to blame. It’s worth noting that practically everyone recovers completely from shock hair loss in the three to four months following surgery.

  1. Side effects of wound healing in general

Following your operation, you may observe the following indicators of wound healing:

  • redness or coloring
  • itching
  • scabbing
  • discomfort
  1. Numbness

Scalp numbness is rarely permanent. As the nerves in your scalp recuperate following the procedure, you may experience a tingling or prickling feeling.

  1. Unusual outcomes and scarring

Hair transplant procedures and surgeons are improving, resulting in more natural-looking outcomes. However, severe scarring might occur in certain situations, resulting in uneven hair regrowth.

After a hair transplant, when should you see a doctor?

Although serious side effects from hair transplants are rare, you should contact your doctor if you see any signs of infection. The sooner you seek medical help, the less likely you will contract a serious illness or suffer other complications.


Hair transplant infections are a possible side effect; however, they are uncommon. Even while most infections aren’t severe, it’s still a good idea to see your doctor as soon as one occurs so that you can get effective treatment. According to Dr. Harikiran, a hair transplant specialist in Hyderabad, they will most likely prescribe medicines and drain the pus.

By following your surgeon’s pre-and post-care recommendations and avoiding touching your open wounds, you can reduce your risk of infection.

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