What exactly is liver cancer, and what are the causes and risks associated with it?

In this article, Dr. Sandeep Nayak one of the top oncologists in Banglore talks about “What exactly is liver cancer, and what are the causes and risks associated with it?”

Dr. Sandeep Nayak, one of the greatest oncologists in Bangalore, is a firm believer in the importance of passing on his knowledge to the next generation of medical professionals. He worked as a surgical oncology instructor at the Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology in Bangalore, India.

Doctor Sandeep Nayak is currently dedicating his time and energy to providing cancer patients with the best surgical options possible through the use of cutting-edge technology such as laparoscopic and robotic surgery.

Now let’s understand the article which talks about Liver cancer in detail and what are the causes and risks with it.

Liver cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the cells of your liver. You have a football-sized organ in your abdomen that is located in the upper right section of your abdomen, beneath your diaphragm, and above your stomach. It is called the liver.

The liver can become infected with a variety of cancers. It is hepatocellular carcinoma, which is the most prevalent type of liver cancer, that begins in the primary type of liver cells (hepatocyte). Other kinds of liver cancer, such as intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and hepatoblastoma, are significantly less common than the more common hepatocellular carcinoma.

Cancer that has progressed to the liver is more common than cancer that originates in the liver cells, according to the American Cancer Society. Rather than liver cancer, cancer that starts in another part of the body and then travels to the liver is known as metastatic cancer.

It can start in the colon, lung, or breast and then move to the liver. It is common for cancers to be named by the organ in which they first manifested themselves.


Banglore-based Dr. Sandeep Nayak a leading Oncologist says that The liver, which is placed above the stomach, plays a role in digestion.

In the early stages of primary liver cancer, the majority of patients do not have any signs or symptoms. When signs and symptoms do manifest themselves, they may include the following:

  • Appetite sluggishness
  • Pain in the upper abdomen
  • Nausea and vomiting are common symptoms
  • Weakness and tiredness throughout the day
  • Swelling in the abdomen
  • Your skin and the whites of your eyes are discolored with a yellowish hue (jaundice)
  • Stools that are white and powdery in color

Factors that increase risk

Primary liver cancer is associated with a number of risk factors, the most significant of which are as follows:

HBV or HCV infection that has lasted for a long time

When you have a chronic infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) or the hepatitis C virus (HCV), your risk of developing liver cancer increases significantly.


Scar tissue builds up in your liver as a result of this progressive and irreversible disorder, increasing your risk of developing liver cancer.

Certain hereditary liver diseases

Hemochromatosis and Wilson’s disease are two liver illnesses that have been linked to an increased risk of liver cancer.


People who have this type of blood sugar, imbalance are at a higher risk of developing liver cancer than those who do not have diabetes.

Fibrosis of the liver that is not caused by alcohol

A buildup of fat in the liver raises the likelihood of developing liver cancer.

Aflatoxin exposure is a serious health risk

The poison aflatoxins are formed by moulds that develop on crops that have not been properly kept. Aflatoxin-contaminated crops, such as grains and nuts, can contaminate foods made from these items, resulting in the contamination of the food.

Excessive intake of alcoholic beverages

Constantly consuming more than a moderate amount of alcohol on a daily basis over an extended period of time might cause irreparable liver damage and raise your risk of developing liver cancer notes  Dr. Sandeep Nayak a premium Oncologist in Banglore.


Reduce your chances of developing cirrhosis

cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver becomes scarred, increasing the chance of developing liver cancer. If you do the following, you can lower your risk of developing cirrhosis:

If you really must consume alcohol, do it in moderation

If you prefer to consume alcoholic beverages, keep your consumption to a minimum. If you are a woman, this means that you can only have one alcoholic beverage each day. For men, this translates to no more than two alcoholic beverages per day on a daily basis.

Maintaining a healthy weight through exercise and proper nutrition.

If your present weight is healthy, make an effort to keep it that way by eating a nutritious diet and engaging in physical activity on most days of the week. In order to lose weight, you must reduce the number of calories you consume each day while increasing the quantity of exercise you perform. Aim to reduce weight gradually, aiming to drop 1 to 2 pounds (0.5 to 1 kilogram) per week.

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