Infertility is basically what couples are unable to conceive even after having unprotected sex. It affects a large number of couples around the world, especially in India. Infertility in women can have many causes – ovulation disorders, damage to the fallopian tubes, endometriosis, or cervix. However, symptoms can be diagnosed and treated at an early age. The sooner it is discovered, the sooner it will be corrected.
Some of the main symptoms of infertility in women are:
1. Heavy, chronic or painful menstruation:
Some women have light periods for a few days. Others have heavy periods and cramps. It may be due to endometriosis, which usually causes the tissue in the womb to grow elsewhere.
Some other symptoms of endometriosis include irregular periodids and mottling
2. Irregularity in the menstrual cycle:
Irregular cycles of a woman, including missed periods can lead to infertility, as it indicates that she does not ovulate regularly. Ovulation irregularities can be caused by a number of factors, including polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), obesity, underweight, and thyroid problems.
3. Hormonal Problems:
Hormonal changes can manifest in many ways and sometimes go undetected. Some symptoms of hormonal fluctuation include acne, cold feet and hands, low sexual desire, or decreased sexual desire, nipple discharge, facial hair, thinning of hair on the top of the head, and weight gain. Your doctor may perform tests to see if you have any hormone problems.
4. Pain during intercourse:
Dyspareunia or pain during sex is a sign of a serious health condition that affects a woman’s health. Examples of such health problems are infections, endometriosis and fibroids.
5. Gore or Yellow Period Blood:
Menstrual blood is usually bright red at the beginning of menstruation and may turn black over the next several days. If your menstrual blood is lighter than usual or your menstrual period is too dark, this may be a sign.
Women with obesity are less likely to become pregnant and more likely to experience problems during pregnancy than others.
7. Some medical conditions include:
Medical conditions such as PCOS, premature ophthalmology, cancer, cancer treatment, damage to ovarian or fallopian tubes, endometriosis, etc.
Despite the fact that infertility is caused by a variety of conditions, medical advances have provided effective treatment options that vary depending on the patient’s health status and cause. Hysterosalpingography, endometrial biopsy, laparoscopy, hormone screening and many other tests can be done to determine the cause of infertility.
After these tests, no restrictions on IVF (in vitro fertilization), uterine penetration, ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection), egg donation, GIFT (gamete intrapleophene tube transfer) and ZIFT (zygote intrapulmonary transfusion) can be performed.
A healthy lifestyle can serve as a good preventative measure for infertility. Limiting caffeine, quitting alcohol and smoking, maintaining a healthy weight and reducing stress can help keep infertility away.
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