World Population Day ie, on 11th July every year, Population Day is celebrated worldwide. It began in 1989 with the United Nations General Assembly. In fact, on July 11, 1987, the population crossed 5 billion. Then it was decided to celebrate it globally to make people aware of the growing population.
The theme of World Population Day 2021 is ‘Rights and Choices are the answer, be it the baby boom or the bust, the solution to changing fertility rates is to prioritize the reproductive health and rights of all people.’
India has the second largest population in the world after China. While China contributes 18.47 per cent of the world’s population, India lags behind the global population of 17.70 per cent. According to World Meter statistics, the United States follows India at 4.25% of the world’s population.
According to the United Nations, the increase in population has led to an increase in the number of people living in the reproductive age and major changes in fertility rates, increased urbanization and migration. It warned that it would affect future generations. To alleviate this problem, we need to focus on population management at the world level.